Plant-based diets may help reduce phosphorous levels for patients on dialysis

March 06, 2022

1 min learn

Source:

Joshi S, Kidney life plan: Do plant-based diets present satisfactory diet and higher phosphate management in dialysis sufferers? Presented at: Annual Dialysis Conference; March 4-6, 2022 (digital assembly).

Disclosures:
Joshi reviews consulting for Insyght Interactive, Vifor Pharma and Otsuka.


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Plant-based diets could also be a useful technique for sufferers on dialysis to decrease their phosphorous ranges, in accordance with a speaker on the digital Annual Dialysis Conference.

Shivam Joshi

“Plant-based diets have traditionally been avoided or neglected in the usage of our sufferers with kidney illness, particularly these on dialysis, for quite a lot of causes together with points associated to potassium and insufficient protein,” Shivam Joshi, MD, a medical assistant professor of drugs at Bellevue Hospital and NYU Grossman School of Medicine, stated. “However, current analysis suggests this threat could also be overstated.”

a bowl with salad and chickpeas
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According to Joshi, plant-based diets can embody a versatile eating regimen that doesn’t minimize out all animal merchandise, however limits consumption in comparison with the usual American eating regimen. Therefore, Joshi stated, it’s doable to eat a plant-based eating regimen on dialysis and devour sufficient protein. Similarly, the danger of consuming an excessive amount of protein is unlikely since plant-based phosphate is generally certain as phytates which implies it isn’t absorbable.

“It’s doable to take any eating regimen and make it unhealthy or insufficient,” Joshi stated.

Joshi referenced a research that confirmed plant-based meals that report excessive potassium ranges are sometimes juices, sauces and dried fruits however not unprocessed plant-based meals. Factors that may scale back a rise in serum potassium in sufferers with end-stage kidney illness who observe a plant-based eating regimen embody fiber, colonic secretion of potassium, intracellular motion of potassium and bioavailability.

Another research Joshi referenced in contrast serum phosphate ranges amongst vegetarian and non-vegetarian sufferers with ESKD. The outcomes confirmed vegetarian sufferers recorded considerably decrease serum phosphate ranges.

“Maintaining protein whereas lowering phosphorus could also be achieved by way of a plant-based eating regimen because of the low bioavailability of those meals, particularly in the event that they’re unprocessed the low phosphomimic index of those meals. Plant-based diets might present decrease protein in comparison with animal-based diets or the usual American eating regimen, however total, they haven’t been proven to have an effect on diet or to have precipitated a deficiency. Potassium ranges don’t seem to extend inside these consuming a plant-based diet on dialysis,” Joshi stated. “More analysis is definitely wanted.”

https://www.healio.com/news/nephrology/20220306/plantbased-diets-may-help-reduce-phosphorous-levels-for-patients-on-dialysis

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