Nutrition in Times of Crisis: Lebanon National Nutritional SMART Survey Report (August – September 2021) – Lebanon

Nutrition in Times of Crisis: Lebanon National Nutritional SMART Survey Report (August – September 2021) – Lebanon


As Lebanon reels from a convergence of crises which have plunged the vast majority of the inhabitants into poverty, Lebanon Nutrition Sector launched the outcomes of a brand new nationwide diet survey on beneath five-year-old youngsters and girls tapping on the malnutrition state of affairs within the nation, marked by main meals and diet insecurity, poor well being and diet practices, and an absence of entry to high quality providers.


UNICEF and MoPH in collaboration with Action Against Hunger Canada SMART crew, efficiently carried out a National survey, that had ten SMART surveys in it from July-September 2021. The National survey focused the 8 Governorates with weighted evaluation executed for nationwide estimates, and two camp surveys that focused Syrian refugees residing in casual settlements and Palestine refugees in camps.

The essential purpose of the survey was to find out beneath 5 and maternal diet and well being standing.

The particular goals of the survey had been:

  • To estimate the prevalence of acute malnutrition (Weight for Height) amongst youngsters aged 6 to 59 months.

  • To estimate the prevalence of stunting (Height for Age) in youngsters aged 6-59 months.

  • To estimate the prevalence of underweight (Weight for Age) in youngsters aged 6-59 months.

  • To estimate morbidity charges (ARI, acute flaccid paralysis, diarrhoea) amongst youngsters 6-59 months; two weeks previous to the survey.

  • To estimate the proportion of kids 0-59 months who obtained polio and measles containing vaccines.

  • To assess chosen toddler and younger little one feeding indicators amongst youngsters 0 – 24 months; Exclusive Breast Feeding (EBF), Ever breastfed (EvBF), Mixed milk feeding (MixMF) Continued Breast Feeding (CBF), ISSSF, Minimum Dietary Diversity (MDD), Minimum Meal Frequency (MMF) and Minimum Acceptable Diet (MAD).

  • To assess dietary standing of pregnant and lactating girls by MUAC.

  • To estimate the prevalence of anaemia amongst youngsters 6 to 59 months and girls of reproductive age.

  • To formulate suggestions to information diet programming in Lebanon.

Standardized Monitoring Assessment for Relief and Transition Method (SMART) was used to conduct the surveys.

The methodology is a cross-sectional research design with 2-stage sampling method. Stage 1 concerned Sampling of clusters in each governorate/camp, whereas stage 2 concerned segmentation of clusters and Simple Random sampling of family in chosen clusters.

Household was used as the fundamental sampling unit.
Data assortment instruments had been based mostly on nationwide and world pointers and authorized by the Technical Committee. Standard SMART questionnaire in ODK accumulate was utilized in tablets to gather information in 8 strata whereas onerous copy questionnaire was employed in two strata (South and El Nabatieh). ENA for SMART was used within the evaluation of anthropometric indicators whereas EPI-Info software program for evaluation of the extra indicators.

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