Fraud allegations in federal nutrition program spur questions about nonprofit boards’ oversight

Fraud allegations in federal nutrition program spur questions about nonprofit boards’ oversight

A 3-person board of administrators volunteered to supervise a Minnesota nonprofit distributing cash for meals to poor kids as a part of a federal vitamin program.

But now that the nonprofit, Feeding Our Future, is on the middle of an FBI fraud investigation alleging that tens of hundreds of thousands of taxpayer {dollars} have been misused, the allegations are elevating questions concerning the roles and tasks of nonprofit boards.

No costs have been filed within the case involving Feeding Our Future, however even when the allegations show true, its three volunteer board members doubtless will not face penalties except they willfully engaged in misconduct, attorneys who work with nonprofits mentioned.

Board members have elementary authorized duties to oversee and govern a nonprofit’s work, attending conferences to assessment monetary info and handle its charitable property.

“If it is simply [that] they type of fell down on the job and they need to have accomplished a greater job, it might be fairly uncommon for there to be private legal responsibility,” mentioned Sarah Duniway, a Minneapolis lawyer who represents nonprofits and is not concerned within the case. “Unless it seems they have been willfully turning a blind eye or actively engaged within the fraud it might be troublesome … to impose legal responsibility on them.”

The FBI started its investigation into Feeding Our Future final May and raided its workplaces Jan. 20. In unsealed search warrants, investigators alleged the group was a part of a broad scheme to defraud the U.S. Department of Agriculture, funneling no less than $48 million from little one vitamin packages to an array of entities that spent the cash on private bills starting from lavish journeys to a $1 million home in Plymouth and a Porsche. Prosecutors have moved to seize 14 properties owned by folks accused within the scheme.

It’s unclear how a lot the group’s board members knew about its funds. None of three board members may very well be reached for remark. The government director of Feeding Our Future denies her group or anybody she labored with did something unsuitable.

Under Minnesota regulation, a nonprofit will need to have no less than three board members and they’re thought-about fiduciaries, answerable for overseeing the group whereas the chief director or CEO is the paid chief answerable for the day-to-day operations. Most nonprofit boards are made up of enterprise and group members who volunteer to supply their perception and steerage.

Unlike company boards or faculty and college boards, state and federal legal guidelines give extra safety to the unpaid volunteers who serve on Minnesota’s greater than 9,000 nonprofit boards, making them immune from authorized or felony legal responsibility, except they engaged in willful misconduct, Duniway. The immunity is supposed to encourage folks to volunteer their time to serve on boards, she mentioned. Even if a board member breaches their fiduciary duties and did not profit from it, there would doubtless be no repercussions.

But the Minnesota Attorney General’s Office, which regulates all charities that solicit donations in Minnesota, may take broader motion towards a nonprofit corresponding to submitting a courtroom order to take away board members or shut a charity down.

“It begs a query in a state of affairs like this the place it seems actually unhealthy issues have been occurring, it could be that it is troublesome to carry board members accountable,” Duniway mentioned, including that board members additionally could solely know what they’re instructed by a corporation. “I believe it is a truthful query to ask did they know [about these allegations], and in the event that they did not know or say they did not, ought to they’ve identified?”

The Minnesota Department of Education, which distributes the federal funding to varsities and organizations, has repeatedly faulted Feeding Our Future founder and government director Aimee Bock’s administration of the nonprofit, noting that she did not file required tax types and did not have a monetary workers to handle her complicated, rising operation. Then final 12 months, the Attorney General’s Office withdrew Feeding Our Future as a registered charity after unsuccessfully requesting required tax types and annual studies that each one charities should submit.

After a reporter requested Bock and her attorneys about it Jan. 27, they filed the paperwork and costs with the Attorney General’s Office on Jan. 28, saying the failure to file the required types was inadvertent as a result of the discover was despatched to a unsuitable handle. The group is now listed as an lively charity.

Board members are supposed to ensure the required tax types are filed, however it’s not unusual for small nonprofits to lapse in submitting paperwork or have their registration lapse in contrast with main nonprofits with large staffing and boards, mentioned Jess Birken, who works with nonprofits at her Minneapolis regulation agency.

“You do not ever need your group’s nice mission to be tarnished by one thing like this,” Birken mentioned. “It’s actually vital for boards and workers on the nonprofit to maintain each eyes on the mission but additionally maintain tabs on the compliance. … It’s vital to maintain the group’s belief.”

According to types filed with the Attorney General’s Office, Feeding Our Future’s three board members in January have been Ali Egal, Jamie Phelps, 45, of St. Paul and John Senkler. A earlier board president, Benjamin Stayberg, 39, of South St. Paul, additionally did not return messages for remark. None of the board members are named in FBI paperwork or accused of any wrongdoing.

Bock said her group is being focused for suing the Minnesota Department of Education. She additionally alleges discrimination as a result of she labored with largely minority- and immigrant-owned companies. She mentioned she she by no means stole cash nor has seen any proof of fraud among the many greater than 100 subcontractors her group reimbursed for distributing 100,000 meals a day to children throughout Minnesota. Bock mentioned she has receipts and documentation — now seized by the FBI — proving they did distribute meals.

Neither Bock nor anybody else named in search warrants has been charged with any crime and specialists say it may very well be months earlier than costs, if any, may very well be filed.

Nonprofit board members have confronted related questions in different investigations. Several high-profile DFLers who served on the board of Community Action of Minneapolis resigned as state investigators invaded its workplaces in 2014, together with then-U.S. Rep Keith Ellison, state Sen. Jeff Hayden and a number of other Minneapolis City Council members. Bill Davis, who led the nonprofit, was finally sentenced to 4 years in federal jail for theft and fraud, misspending a whole bunch of hundreds of {dollars} supposed to assist low-income folks.

The Minnesota Department of Education first raised issues concerning the quantity of reimbursements Feeding Our Future was requesting in 2020 and denied dozens of website functions. But the nonprofit sued and a Ramsey County choose ordered the state to renew reimbursements, saying it did not have the authority to cease funds.

Last 12 months, Charles Amevo of Edina-based CPA Global Portfolio Consulting C.A. LLC, was requested to do an impartial audit of Feeding Our Future’s 2019 and 2020 funds. In 2019, the group reported about $2.4 million in income — $2.3 million of which got here from federal funds — and had a $13,000 deficit. By 2020, the group reported $9.2 million in income, about $8.9 million of which was from federal funds, and a $35,000 deficit.

Amevo mentioned in an interview that he reviewed monetary statements and grant paperwork and did a website go to to Feeding Our Future’s St. Anthony workplace to watch a meals distribution to confirm the grant cash was going towards this system. His report is “unqualified,” which suggests it is thought-about acceptable and a clear audit. He mentioned the Attorney General’s Office contacted him final week to request the monetary statements he obtained as a part of the company’s investigation into the nonprofit.

As information unfold concerning the allegations, Duniway’s purchasers started to name with issues, frightened concerning the intense scrutiny on a Minnesota nonprofit and double-checking that they are following all of the state and federal charitable giving legal guidelines.

“It’s simply making folks be vigilant about the truth that they’ve accountability past simply their small stakeholder universe and to consider that — and that is good,” she mentioned.

The investigation has forged scrutiny each on Minnesota’s sturdy nonprofit sector — which nonprofits worry will jeopardize donations and funding for different little one meal packages — and the Department of Education. Some legislators have called for an audit of the company.

Kris Kewitsch, the chief director of the Charities Review Council in Roseville, mentioned board members and donors have a variety of sources to confirm a corporation is clear and accountable corresponding to analyzing the required tax Form 990 (which might be discovered on the IRS website).

The Attorney General’s Office ( additionally lists charities in lively standing and provides monetary info. Contact the workplace at 651-757-1496 to request a duplicate of a nonprofit’s annual report and Form 990, or seek the advice of nonprofit specialists, such because the Charities Review Council, which lists organizations at which have been rigorously reviewed to satisfy their accountability standards.

“The actuality is a majority of nonprofits are doing wonderful issues,” Kewitsch mentioned. “Hopefully all of us on the market doing good issues will help donors believe that after they give it will help the mission.”

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